Il Our Method
The Classic Method
Guyot is a type of training system that is particularly suitable for hilly terrain, which is usually not very cool and not very fertile. Thanks to pruning, it improves the productive characteristics of the plant. But how does vine pruning take place?
The principle on which Guyot method pruning, to be carried out in mid-winter, is based is to remove shoots that have already borne fruit, replacing them with those that developed the previous year. Three cuts can be recognised in this operation, which are conventionally called: past, present and future.
Past cutting consists of removing the two-year-old shoot, i.e. the one that has already produced. This is replaced by another, one-year-old shoot that has grown on top of the stump.
The present one consists of cutting the shoot that is to produce. This, usually 6-12 buds, will then be stretched horizontally.
Finally, there is the cut of the future which has the function of creating the new spur of 1-2 buds. This, the following year, will provide new shoots from which it will be decided which will be destined to produce.
Each year, the same procedure is repeated.
There are also variants of the Guyot, which is why it is called simple. Of these, the most common is the double Guyot, characterised by two fruiting shoots rather than one.